DfT Consultations on Heathrow Third Runway and Airspace Modernisation
The DfT is keen to hear your views on Heathrow expansion and airspace modernisation. All submissions need to be received by 25 May 2017. It’s really important that we all make our views known.
EGAG volunteers have now distributed the 2 DfT Consultation Freepost leaflets on Airspace Modernisation and Heathrow Airport expansion to all properties in Englefield Green.
(please let us know if you have not received yours or would like additional Freepost leaflets, as it is on a per person basis, not household).
For the sake of the village’s future it is vital that people either:
Complete the Freepost Airspace Modernisation and Heathrow Expansion leaflets and post them by 22nd May or,
Fill in the DfT online forms by 25th May.
Please fill the consultation responses in – it’s important and affects us all as well as future generations.
Every response counts.
An Overview of the Government’s 2 DfT Consultations:
- Airspace Modernisation and
- Heathrow Expansion.
The Airspace Modernisation will revolutionise airspace and the way commercial aircraft use that airspace by using GPS technology as per the 2014 flight trials.
One of the main drivers for this modernisation is to allow more aircraft to fly in the South East, specifically allowing Heathrow Expansion to go ahead.
In fact the head of NATS (National Air Traffic Services) CEO Martin Rolfe stated that Airspace Modernisation in itself would not be required if it weren’t for Heathrow Expansion.
Heathrow expansion will, by creating a 3rd runway and by utilising the concentrated flight paths GPS technology that Airspace Modernisation Consultation is seeking, – the DfT and CAA want to impose concentrated flight paths (instead of dispersed flight paths, as now; dispersed flight paths are entirely feasible to use instead) from takeoff to 4000 feet as defined in the Airspace Modernisation Consultation documents – enable a further 260,000 flight movements a year (a 54% increase). Given aircraft heights over Englefield Green, on departures from Heathrow, are as low as 1450 feet above sea level (Englefield Green is approx. 300 feet above sea level), Englefield Green will be subjected to the same concentrated flight paths of the 2014 trial flights plus a 54% increase in the numbers, not just for the 3 month period of the 2014 trials, but for 52 weeks of the year for all time!!
You may have heard this week, that the Institute of Directors has stated that the next Government should build 2 additional runways in the South East to accommodate more aircraft activity; Heathrow’s 4th Runway, Gatwick’s 2nd Runway? Where will it end?
If you need any help with the consultations or have any other queries please contact us.
Below you’ll find a list of suggested points for each consultation; you might like to cut and paste the points that most resonate with you (and add to your own submission) and send to the DfT via the links given here or complete the Freepost leaflets.
Suggested points for the airports (Third Runway at Heathrow) consultation:
- The DfT has not provided proposed new routes for public consideration and comment. How can local residents be expected to comment when fundamental information that will affect their lives in the future has not been given?
- Aviation is clearly vital for the whole of the UK, however why should expansion be concentrated on the south east? Job creation and boosting the economy would be better placed in other areas of the UK.
- The south east is already overheated in terms of infrastructure, housing and employment opportunities.
- Who will pay for the cost of road infrastructure? Heathrow have capped their liability to £1bn, yet the estimated costs range from £15 to £20bn? The taxpayer cannot be expected to pick up the bill!
- Heathrow currently breaches air pollution levels. To say that by 2030 air pollution will be less than now is based on hope over reality.
- Heathrow will restrict competition at the expense of regional airports.
- London is overflown by a factor of three times more than any other European capital city – it is in the wrong place and a new runway at Heathrow would subject an additional million people (not currently affected) to air and noise pollution, which is clearly unacceptable.
- No government concerned about the environment and people’s health should consider subjecting such an increase in population to the proposed substantial additional aircraft noise and pollution resulting from a third runway.
- China now builds their airports away from areas of population.
- Norway moved Oslo’s airport 20 miles away from Oslo due to the environmental problems.
- Frankfurt, the next noisiest airport in Europe, affects less than a third of the number of people to significant aircraft noise annoyance.
- The last runway built at Frankfurt 4 years ago regularly receives up to 1200 protesters a day in the terminal building, protesting against the aircraft noise.
- Sydney airport’s third runway, as outlined in a report by our own parliament, led to an immediate outcry from residents who found themselves significantly disturbed by noise, despite living outside the area designated as likely to be significantly affected during the planning process. The link to the website is here or to download the pdf here,
- There is incorrect ‘balance of weight’ to the aviation industry at the expense of the public interest (Helios report in 2016). The belief that the northwest runway at Heathrow is the best option is to surrender to corporate pressure
- The DfT state that some of the planning requirements for Heathrow to secure expansion are ‘advisory’. There is no force of law to ensure “Robust Safeguards” (as mandated in the Airports Commission Final report) or significant commercial penalties if breached.
- There is concern regarding the relationships between the CAA, NATS, Heathrow, the DfT and the aviation industry: it cannot be regarded as unbiased.
- Aircraft noise already exceeds guidance levels set by the World Health Organisation.
- Aircraft noise has the potential to have significant impact on health with an increase in aggressive behaviours; increase in stress hormones and blood pressure levels, and a reduction in child development. Expanding Heathrow by more than 250,000 aircraft movements per annum will inevitably increase noise pollution and the frequency of noise, which is deemed to be the major irritant.
- Housing – 75,000 new homes will be needed for Heathrow expansion, according to the government, to be built in the 12 councils surrounding Heathrow. Given that RBC has a maximum capacity to build ~ 300 houses a year – there are not enough planners, architects, builders, etc. to build more – how is RBC going to build an additional 6,000 new homes and where.
- A community will be destroyed when 750 homes are bulldozed to accommodate the new runway and 4000 houses will be rendered unliveable.
- Jobs – it is suggested by Heathrow that up to 77,000 new jobs will be created with the 3rd runway, but given that Heathrow promised to create 6000 new jobs to get approval for Terminal 5 in 2007, when they employed 79,000 people, the figure has fallen to 76,000 in 2017 – yet another Heathrow false promise. They also said categorically that if the got T5 they wouldn’t want a 3rd runway! For further reading see Airport Jobs – False Hopes, Crual Hoax.
In its consultation materials, DfT has quoted a figure of £61 billion economic benefits over 60 years (down from the £147 billion published in the final Airports Commission report and the the figure that is still published on Heathrow’s website of £211 billion). This £61 billion is totally misleading because it is a ‘gross’ economic benefit, that is benefits without the corresponding economic and financial costs being subtracted. The proper basis for making a decision on an infrastructure project such as this is clearly set out by the government is NET economic benefit, where costs are subtracted from benefits. Not cherry-picked gross benefit figures. Infrastructure projects are routinely evaluated on this basis, using DfT’s own guidance, to give a ‘Net Present Value’ (NPV).
The £61bn is stated in the consultation leaflet as “expected economic benefits to passengers and the wider economy”. That figure is consistent with a figures derived from the DfT document ‘Further review and sensitivities report’ published Oct 2016 which can be seen here. ES2 (page 9) of that report shows “total benefits” as £59.2 to £61.1bn. But crucially, that benefit figure is before all the costs are subtracted.
The same table shows that after costs are subtracted there is a NET economic benefit of £0.2 to 6.1bn (expressed as “Net Present Value”). That is, a figure of one tenth or less! If a single figure is to be quoted in the interest of simplicity, it has to be the Net Present Value. To quote benefits of £61bn without costs is utterly misleading.
While it may still sound a lot, an NPV of £6.1bn is negligible in the context of the UK economy. It is a benefit over 60 years and it is equivalent to just a fraction of the cost of a cup of coffee for each airport passenger.
Crucially this report was withheld to full cabinet, when the decision to go for Heathrow’s 3rd runway, was voted upon by the full cabinet.
On a local level: Additional Points for Both Consultatations
- Englefield Green is some 235 feet above Heathrow i.e. the highest point in the vicinity and as such aircraft fly lower over this area: this should be taken into consideration when deciding on routes as local residents suffer greater noise pollution.
- Englefield Green has suffered a significant increase in flight activity over recent years (as indicated in an independent report by PA Consulting, commissioned by Heathrow).
- It is unacceptable that Englefield Green should should bear the brunt of increased noise as a result of the third runway (evidence provided by 3rd runway Noise Contour maps at DfT consultations Feb/March 2017). When asked at a recent Heathrow Community Noise Forum meeting why Englefield Green was “chosen” to become a “Noise Sewer” the author of the noise contour map, used country wide in the NPS exhibitions, Dr Darren Rhodes of the CAA stated that it was due to the low population density of Englefield Green!
General observation: The consultation leaflet was not delivered to a significant number of local residents, and the consultation presentations seemed to be an elaborate PR exercise. The DfT website itself sets out benefits but none of the costs to local communities.
Click here for the DfT site which gives more information (scroll down the page to make a submission online or to access addresses for email/letter submissions).
Suggested points for airspace modernisation consultation:
- Airspace modernisation may ‘improve operational efficiency,’ but at what cost to local communities?
- Airspace modernisation may ‘help manage the rising number of aircraft,’ but at what cost to local communities?
- Airspace modernisation may allow NATS to direct aircraft more precisely on direct routes that use less fuel, but at what cost to local communities?
- Airspace modernisation in which aircraft are directed down narrow corridors at increased frequency is of benefit to airports situated away from local communities, not an airport such as Heathrow which is located within heavily populated areas.
- Heathrow have maintained that airspace modernisation is not associated with airport expansion, however Martin Rolfe, chief exec of NATS has warned that ‘under the current system …expanded capacity, such as from a third runway at Heathrow Airport will not be used.’ Airspace modernisation is therefore part of a cynical plan to increase capacity and operations, benefitting airports, airlines and passengers, but at what cost to local communities?
- The underlying need to reduce noise will not be tackled as part of modernisation. Much vaunted new-age aircraft such as the A380, with heavier loads, struggle to reach steeper ascents and are therefore noisier over communities closer to the airport. Additionally ‘Any decrease in noise will have only a marginal impact given the likely increase in number of aircraft.’ Tim Johnson, AEF Director.
- Offers of compensation for communities (such as Englefield Green) that find themselves newly affected by increased noise levels will not be sufficient to make up for reduced quality of life.
- The Independent Commission on Civil Aviation Noise (ICCAN) body appears to have ‘no teeth’ or powers, not just to influence but to enforce. The data that ICCAN works from should be raw data rather than ‘processed’ data provided by Heathrow. ICCAN should report on airspace use compliance on a regular basis: monthly (for example), rather than, (for example), annually, which would ensure operators comply more rapidly.
- Some communities have the potential to become ‘noise sewers’ without robust safeguards to protect them from the adverse impacts of airspace modernisation.
Click here for the DfT site which gives more information (Click here and scroll down the page to make a submission online or to access addresses for email/letter submissions).